Opium , which Poe mentions several times in both his prose and poems, is mentioned twice in the tale. The gloomy sensation occasioned by the dreary landscape around the Usher mansion is compared by the narrator to the sickness caused by the withdrawal symptoms of an opiate-addict. The narrator also describes Roderick Usher's appearance as that of an "irreclaimable eater of opium. This highly unsettling macabre work is recognized as a masterpiece of American Gothic literature.
Indeed, as in many of his tales, Poe borrows much from the already developed Gothic tradition.
Still, as G. Thomson writes in his Introduction to Great Short Works of Edgar Allan Poe , "the tale has long been hailed as a masterpiece of Gothic horror; it is also a masterpiece of dramatic irony and structural symbolism. Poe was criticized for following his own patterns established in works like " Morella " and " Ligeia ", using stock characters in stock scenes and stock situations. Repetitive themes like an unidentifiable disease, madness and resurrection are also criticized.
It is erring on the best side — the side of luxuriance. John McAleer maintained that the idea for "objectifying Ahab 's flawed character" came from the "evocative force" of Poe's "The Fall of the House of Usher". In both Ahab and the house of Usher, the appearance of fundamental soundness is visibly flawed — by Ahab's livid scar, and by the fissure in the masonry of Usher. A second silent film version , also released in , was directed by James Sibley Watson and Melville Webber.
A devout fan of the works of Poe, cult director Curtis Harrington tackled the story in his first and last films. Casting himself in dual roles as Roderick and Madeline Usher in both versions, Harrington shot his original minute silent short on 8mm in ,  and he shot a new 36 minute version simply titled Usher on 35mm  in which he intended to utilize in a longer Poe anthology film that never came to fruition. Actress Gwendoline Watford made her film debut playing Lady Usher in The Fall of the House of Usher , a British black and white film version made in but not released until The film was Corman's first in a series of eight films inspired by the works of Edgar Allan Poe.
Another monochrome version appeared on British television in as part of the first series of Mystery and Imagination —68 starring Denholm Elliott as Roderick Usher. It's one of only two surviving episodes of the otherwise lost first series the other being "The Open Door" starring Jack Hawkins.
It was filmed on studio sets, recorded on videotape and broadcast on ITV on 12 February In , the educational film series Short Story Showcase released an adaptation that followed the story closer than most adaptations. Between —17, French composer Claude Debussy worked on an opera called La chute de la maison Usher. The libretto was his own, based on Poe, and the work was to be a companion piece to another short opera Le diable dans le beffroi based on Poe's " The Devil in the Belfry ". In the early s, Steven Berkoff worked on a theatrical adaptation called 'The Fall of the House of Usher' whose 35 brief scenes follow closely the course of Poe's story.
The second half of the album was a five-part set dedicated to "The Fall of the House of Usher", with an introductory narration by Orson Welles included in the album's remixing. Another operatic version, composed by Philip Glass in with a libretto by Arthur Yorinks, premiered at the American Repertory Theatre and the Kentucky Opera in and was revived at the Nashville Opera in This opera has never been performed live.
Laura Grace Pattillo wrote in The Edgar Allan Poe Review , "[Tait's] play follows Poe's original story quite closely, using a female Chorus figure to help further the tale as the 'Friend' as Tait names the narrator alternates between monologue and conversation with Usher. Dave Malloy 's song cycle Ghost Quartet includes, amongst other interwoven narratives, a retelling of the story, with several major changes. These changes include the presence of two Usher children, and the moving of Roderick's symptoms to his wife, Lady Usher.
In the story William Wilson, the character known as The Other is
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see The Fall of the House of Usher disambiguation. First appearance in Burton's Gentleman's Magazine September This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Elements of Literature. Fifth Course. Austin: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, Edgar Allen Poe: Storyteller.
Edgar Allan Poe: Storyteller. Midwest Quarterly. Supernatural Horror in Literature. New York: Dover Publications.
Rossiter ed. Guide to Boston. Susan and Michael Southworth, p. Kaiser, Gerhard R. Stuttgart: Philipp Reclam. Spring Southern Humanities Review. Palgrave Macmillan. In Lewes, Darby ed.
Lexington Books. Sprague, Lovecraft: A Biography Doubleday, Opium and the Romantic Imagination. Chapter VI: Poe. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Terror Trap. April Retrieved The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 29, Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 5, The Edgar Allan Poe Review. Yale Daily News. August 12, The Village Voice. Talkin' Broadway. Retrieved December 27, The Fall of the House of Usher. Edgar Allan Poe. Politian Alone in the Dark " Lady Eleanor ".
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Edgar Allan Poe's The Fall of the House of Usher
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"The Fall of the House of Usher"
Although it is, at first, barely visible to the narrator, it suggests a fundamental split or fault in the twin personalities of the last surviving Ushers and foretells the final ruin of the house and family. Poe uses imagery to create a foreboding atmosphere and to advance his themes in the story. An image is a concrete representation of an object or sensory experience; images help evoke the feelings associated with the object or the experience itself.
A sensation of stupor oppressed me, and my eyes followed her retreating steps. He accosted me with trepidation and passed on. Gothic fiction generally includes elements of horror, the supernatural, gloom, and violence and creates in the reader feelings of terror and dread. Gothic fiction also frequently takes place in medieval-like settings; the desolate, ancient, and decaying Usher mansion is ideally suited for this story. In addition to creating an atmosphere of dread, Poe, some critics have suggested, incorporated into his story aspects of the vampire tale.
His own tales of terror, in which he often depicted the psychological disintegration of unstable or emotionally overwrought characters, were in sharp contrast to the works of more highly praised writers of the time. Before his time, such short works were not regarded as serious literature. Poe had a strong influence in popular fiction as well. His tales of terror are considered among the finest ever produced in the horror genre. Before this time, American readers considered British lit-.
American writers wrote imitations derived from British models. But with the advent of a new group of American writers who were writing about specifically American subjects, settings, and characters, a distinctly American literature began to emerge. Poe was one of the American writers of the time who helped to formulate this national literature. It was not until the biography by A.
The Fall of the House of Usher
Nevertheless, the identification of Poe with the murderers and madmen of his works survived and flourished in the twentieth century, most notably in the form of psychoanalytical studies by such critics as Marie Bonaparte and Joseph Wood Krutch. In other countries, Poe enjoyed similar regard, and numerous studies have been written tracing the influence of the American author on international literature. Today, Poe is regarded as one of the foremost progenitors of modern literature, both in its popular forms, such as horror and detective fiction, and in its more complex and self-conscious forms, such as poetry and criticism.